Students gather and use indirect evidence to reason about things too small to see, too remote to reach, and otherwise difficult to detect. Is an empty cup truly empty? How do we know? How do we know that atoms have even smaller subcomponents? Connections are drawn to the Sanford Underground Research Facility's world-leading search for a mysterious substance called dark matter, which has yet to be detected directly. The idea that dark matter exists is based entirely on indirect evidence.
Exploring the Unseen-- Using Indirect Evidence
3-PS2-1 Plan and carry out an investigation to provide evidence of the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object.
4-PS3-3 Ask questions and predict outcomes about the changes in energy that occur when objects collide.
4-PS4-2 Develop a model to describe how light reflecting from objects and entering the eye allows objects to be seen.
5-PS1-1 Develop a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen.