Learn how the Black Hills hold significance to those who have visited and called it home. The Hills hold great importance to numerous tribes, including the Oceti Sakowin, serving as a sacred space and a place of origin. After gold was discovered, miners and others flocked to the Hills from all over the world—especially as Homestake expanded. These individuals shaped the community of Lead for generations.
A Physics Landmark
Dr. Raymond Davis Jr. was one of the first scientists to understand the value of conducting research deep underground. His pioneering solar neutrino experiment influenced future neutrino and astrophysics research and set the stage for a deep underground laboratory in Lead, South Dakota. Explore the experiment that earned Dr. Davis a share of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics, while learning more about the world-leading research taking place among the drifts of the Sanford Underground Research Facility.
Geology and Mining
Discover the geology of the Black Hills, an island in the plains with unique mineral resources. The discovery in 1876 of an incredibly rich vein of gold ore led to the establishment of the Homestake Gold Mine, which became the largest and deepest gold mine in North America during 126 years in operation.